In connection with forthcoming population census of the Russian Federation and presence of the conclusion of Institute of ethnology and anthropology of the Russian Academy of Sciences from 05.25.2010, that Ubikhs, Shapsugs, Adighes, Circassians and Kabardians are «subethnoses of one - Circassian (Adyghean) people» in ICA is addressed with a question: how to mark the national identity off in census questionnaires correctly?
Our short answer to this question is in the following:
«The ethnic consciousness and the basic layer of traditional culture» of Ubikhs, Shapsugs, Adighes, Circassians and Kabardians «are the general». The specified subethnoses in a native language have the united self-name "Adyghe".
The International Circassian Association adheres to principle that all these subethnoses make the united people which in Russian is correctly named Circassians. Such approach has deep historical roots.
It is clear that owing to insufficient knowledge and inertia of the thinking, that today not each representative of our people is ready to refuse the habitual local name of an ethnic group (the Ubikh, the Shapsug, the Adighe, the Kabardian, etc.). But it doesn't mean that they aren't Circassians or a part of the Circassian people.
There is no such problem for numerous Circassian diaspora. Whatever ethnographic group of Circassians they wouldn't concern all of them are named Circassians in English, Turkish, Arabian and other languages.
The writing in Circassian language exists on an Adygea adverb (Adighes and Shapsugs) and on a Kabardino-Circassian adverb (Kabardians and Circassians). There is a problem of transition to a united literary language. But it is a rather complicated question.
Forthcoming census has great value for consolidation of the Circassian population of the Russian Federation, studying of number, territory of moving and other questions.
Therefore I ask to carry out constant corresponding explanatory work, concerning with understanding to temporary existence and other sights on the given problem.
The President of ICA K.M. Azhakhov
Mikhael Lokhvitsky (Adzhuk-Gyrey) – a writer, author of novels “Unknown”, “Shot in Metekha”, “With sun in blood”, “Search of Gods”. But his most famous work is “Thunder rumble” is devoted to his grandfather Adzhuk-Gyrey and written in the form of diary notes of young Russian officer, owning a small estate nobleman Jacov Kaisarov, who was demoted and exiled to Siberia. While being there, he remembered that he had been living among shapsugs, known their customs, traditions, etiquette, national psychology, had friends among them. At the heart of the story were real events in West Circassia in 1863-1864, when outcast Circassians gathered on the Black Sea shore to start to Turkey.
Mikhael Lokhvitsky inherited his surname from his grandmother, who had lost his mother and father at 12, when they defended their village from attacking tsar forces. He was adopted by Russian soldier, christened in the church in Tuapse and named Zakhariy, and got his surname from the godfather staff-captain Lokhvitsky P.D. Despite Mikhail Lokhvitsky was not brought up in Circassian environment, he stayed beyond question to his roots and preserved national thinking.
Below we publish Mikhael Lokhvitsky’s letter to the Central Committee of communist party dated by May of 1989, where problems of Circassian people are stated openly and frankly. The author thoughts that the problems are the consequences of colonization and genocide during the Caucasian war. The main of them are the dismemberment of Circassian people for three national and state enterprise (autonomies) with appropriation of three different ethnic appellations; cultural and spiritual decomposition of Circassian scrappy enclaves; assimilation processes; falsification of Circassian history; ignoring of all that questions by the Soviet authority.
We elucidate for young generation of our readers that Central Committee of the CPSU was the centre of making political decisions in the Soviet Union, peculiar government, parliament and court in one face. Central Committee of the CPSU decisions were undoubtedly obligatory for all state structure. That and the “perestroika” of 1985 – the politic of cultural and political life of the country democratization that let rise the problems that were tabooed before were the reasons of Mikhael Lokhvitsky appellation to the Central Committee of the party with hope for its understanding and support. The Soviet Union and C.P.S.U. finished their existence in 2 years after that letter. Now we live in different country and with different political government but many problems marked by the writer have still remained actual and undecided.
TO THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE OF CPSU
TO THE PLENUM ON NATIONAL QUESTIONS
I think it’s necessary to raise a sore question of no small importance before Central Committee of the CPSU. It is a question of destiny and position of Adyghe people.
As you know in the result of the 60-years Circassian War that led tsarism in XIX century Adyghe people or Circassian-mountaineers as they were also called suffered more than any other people of the Caucasus. Trying to conquer freedom-loving, praised by A.S. Pushkin, M.U.Lermontov, L. Bestughev-Marlinsky and L.N.Tolstoy people, Russian Empery not only crushed Adyghes but also divided peaceful tribes, turfed out them to badlands, promoted migration of Circassian to Turkey in every way, where tens of thousands of them died of hunger. As a result of colonization and genocide some Adyghe tribes vanished from the face of the earth. For example, ganeevci have vanished. From one of the biggest Adyghe tribes – shapsugs has stayed only about three thousand people by 1930.
In 1914-1916 many Adyghes were sent “for settlement” to Siberia where they died out.
The October revolution saved the adyghian people from final destruction. Though, it didn’t keep it from repressions of 30th years as other peoples.
That was the situation in Northern Caucasia with administrative division of Adyghes and other peoples of Northern Caucasia after the revolution and civil war (I can make mistakes with dates):
In the congress of Terek peoples on the 17 of November, 1920 was proclaimed the Mountain autonomous region (the main town is Vladikavkaz), which was the part of RSFSR. The republic divided into 6 national regions. Later next regions were taken out from the part of Mountain republic: on the 1st of September, 1921 – Kabardian, on the 12th of January, 1922 – Karachay, on the 16th of January – Balkarian, on the 30th of November – Chechen. All of them were changed into autonomous regions. Karachay-Circassian autonomous region was established in 1922 year (the main town is Cherkessk). Or Karachay and Circassian autonomous region separately, I am afraid to be mistaken.
The Mountain republic was liquidated by the edict of VTsIK on 7th of July. 1924. Adygheyan autonomous region was established in the 27th of July the same year (the main town is Maykop).
Kabardino-Balkarian ASSR was established in June, 1937 (the main town is Nalchik).
Such an administrative division was saved to our time (names have been changed, when Balkarians and Karachays were resettled in 1943).
What did happen with Adyghean people in the result of all these reforms? It turned out to be divided into three basic parts – some Adyghes are included in Karachay-Circassian autonomous region, are bound with foreign language Karachay people, others are entered into the Autonomous Kabardino-Balkarian region, i.e. are unit with foreign language Balkarians (Balkarians and Karachays, speaking the same language, they lost the connection with each other), the 3rd part live in Adygeya Autonomous region. Karachay-Circassian and Kabardino-Balkaria are the part of Stavropol Territory, Adygeya – of Krasnodar Territory.
Moreover, a great number of Adyghes in Krasnodar Territory live approximately in 20 towns, villages and settlements out of Adyghean Autonomous region. Their total amount, if I’m not mistaken, exceeds the number of Adyghes, living in Adyghean Autonomous region. The same situation is in Stavropol Territory, where the considerable part of Adyghes live in 10 inhabited localities out of Kabardino-Balkarian ASSR. About 30 % of Mozdok people, being the part of Nothern- Ossetian ASSR, are Adyghes.
As a result, Adyghean people with its difficult and complex history and though, having saved during many years contrary to numerous invasions of foreign hordes, their culture, language, folklore, traditions was artificial divided. The lack of attention to national, ethnic questions, covered by highlight declarations about peoples’ friendship, “paternal care” about every nation, administrative and commanding russification was led to partial assimilation of Adyghes that some of them stopped speaking, writing and reading their native language or speak not well. There are no full Circassian schools and there are few teachers of Adyghean language and literature. There is the case of teaching the native language but it is electively, and the object is not obligatory. The situation in villages and settlements which are not the parts of Kabardino-Balkarian ASSR, Karachay-Circassian autonomous regions is worse. This challenge wasn’t issued at all or if it was issued it had solved not in a right way. The purpose of the problem was securing a general secondary education. Children from Adyghean villages were taken away from their parents and were sent to boarding schools where the education was only in Russian language.
Adyghean literature, culture and art were disconnected. They became to write in the central press, political and geographical books, popular scientific literature that Adyghes are divided into three groups – “Kabardians”, “Circassians”, “Adygeyans”. And Moscow literary magazines write such a curious thing. When they publish verses of Adyghean poet from Kabarda they write: “Translation from Kabardino-Balkarian language”. It is the same as if you write “translation from Ukrainian-Tatar language”.
I was told that under the influence of public servants and adherents of assimilation, the “theory”, that states that speaking native language allegedly hinder full intellectual development became popular among some Adyghe scientists.
I’d like to direct your attention that in connection with initiate change in the political life of the society and shift to the democratic ways of solution of all long-standing issues, not only economical, social, ecological, but also the most burning and edgy national issue, in Kabardino-Balkaria, Karachay-Cherkessia and Adygeya they started to discuss that were useless and dangerous to be discussed aloud before. The youth started to speak especially passionately, hot and interestedly about retaining and development of native language and the future of its nation, inclusive in press.
Recent sorrowful events (I mean, first of all, Transcaucasia) showed that disregard of political party associations and the Soviet system to national problems (both in the center and at the local level), absence of open public dialogue between government and people lead to extreme and dramatic consequences. To avoid such events in Krasnodar and Stavropol territory, Kabardino-Balkarian ASSR, Karachay-Cherkess and Adygeyan autonomous regions it is necessary to study the position of the Adyghe people instantly.
Serious discussion with the assistance of community, academic, literature and art figures, historians, linguists, demographists, social scientists, representatives of youth informal organizations and, of course, cogitative political and Soviet people are required. Two programs must be worked out: short-term program will describe what can be done right now and long-term will describe future plans.
I have the following proposals concerning the primary programme:
It is appropriate to start work with congress or conference of the representatives of the Adyghe community from Maikop, Nalchik, Cherkessk. There can be defined basic prospective direction of the upcoming work and coordination center can be established.
On the base of one of the Research institutes of History, Literature and folklore it is necessary to carry out a symposium of historians and social scientists to schedule urgent publication and issue of the new true popular-science work, that will correspond modern requirements – “The History of Adyghes (from Ancient Times to the Present Day)”.
Meeting of linguists with participation of University employees, writers and journalistic associations should be organized. They could chart the basis of standards of modern literary Adyghe language (probably, as a proposal on the basis of Kabardinian and Beslanean dialects). It will give an opportunity to create scientifically based single textbooks of Adyghe language and Adyghe literature both for secondary school and colleges and also Dictionary Guide for Mass Media (first of all, for TV and radio narrators and journalists).
It is necessary to discuss the problem that concerns renaming of Kabardino-Balkarian ASSR, Karachay-Cherkess and Adygeyan autonomous regions, because in the first case only tribal sign (Kabarda) was taken as a basis and in the other two cases the names do not exist in Adyghe language. There are no words “Cherkess” or “Adyghean” in Adyghe. To resolve this and other problems it is appropriate too create united commission that will consist from People’s Deputies of Supreme Council of USSR, Kabardino-Balkarian republican, Adyghean and Karachay-Cherkess regional Councils.
It is appropriate to carry out meeting of educationalists (Kabarda, Adygeya, Cherkessia) to discuss vital questions, connected with needs of National school.
It will be useful for theatre and culture figures to discuss joint activity and reach an agreement at common assembly of TV studio workers about coordination of their programs and raise the issue concerning construction of rebroadcast or cable devices to give the Adyghes who live in Adygeya, Cherkessia and Kabarda the opportunity to watch the same TV programs.
Culture departments in cooperation with the administration of Maikop, Nalchik and Cherkess Theater should bring in stage managers and actors exchange both for one-time plays and for theatrical seasons. It is also possible to establish composite symphony orchestra and Song and Dance Company, attached to one of the Philharmonic Halls, and central musical residential school for gifted children.
Finally, we should solve the problem that concerns creation of film studio in order to shoot Adyghe feature, documentary and TV films in the system of one of the committees of Radio and Television.
Departments of State Sports Committee can also contribute its mite. In particular, they can set up combined football, volleyball, wrestling, heavy athletics and other teams.
I believe it is necessary to mention, that all this problems including concern for retaining and development of native language also trouble the Balkarians and the Karachays who live with the Adyghes in a friendly atmosphere. I haven’t written about them only because I’m not competent enough in questions that are related to the much-esteemed Balkarian and Karachay people. I’d like to add, that realization of my proposals will not infringe rights and interests of Russian population of Krasnodar and Stavropol territories.
Of course, my proposals must be discussed, expanded, and specified. I suppose that there will be some objections from the members of the party, soviet and administrative organizations of Krasnodar and Stavropol territories, Kabardino-Balkarian ASSR, Karachay-Cherkess and Adygheyan regions, because many of my proposals, at first glance, do not keep within limits of administrative division. But, for today, I don’t see any other way to satisfy escalating national self-consciousness of Adyghe people. Other methods would require reorganization of borders, resettlement and would complicate existing relations between people.
I hope that Central Committee of the CPSU will pay attention to this vital issue, considerate my practical proposals and bring then into Supreme Council of People’s Deputies of USSR.
M. Lokhvitsky (Adzhuk-Gyrey)
Member of USSR Writers Guild
May 4th, 1989
Michael Lokhvitsky died in August 1989 and he didn’t get any reply.
International Circassian Association
360000, Nalchik, 6 Shogencukova str.
tel. (8663) 42-05-73; tel/fax: (8662) 42-58-34
mob. (928) 718-47-30; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Our Ref. 48
March 29, 2010
Prof. Sergey A., Arutyunov,
Doctor in History,
Correspondent member of RAS
Head of the Caucasus Sector
Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology
Dear Sergey Alexandrovich,
According to 2002 All-Russia Population Census, the Adygheis, Circassians, Kabardians and Shapsugs are mentioned in the list of nationalities (ethnic groups) residing in Russian Federation which have a common self-name – the “Adyghes” and identify themselves as belonging to a single ethnos.
Up to the 19th century the area of historical habitation of the above subethnoses is referred to as “Cherkessia” on Russian, European and Eastern maps. In Russian historical and imaginative literature the subethnoses alongside with the Ubykhs were mentioned as “Circassians”.
With reference to the above mentioned, you are kindly requested to give your opinion, if the Ubykhs, the Shapsugs, the Adygeis, the Circassians and the Kabardinians are the subethnoses of the single (one) Circassian ethnos.
Kanshobi M. Azhakhov,
The President of International
Russian Academy of Science
N.N. Miklukho-Maklay Institute of
Ethnology and Antropology
119991, Moscow 32A Leninsky ave,
Tel.: 938-17-93 fax: 938-06-00
our Ref. 14110/1832-158
May 25, 2010
Ethnonym Circassian and toponym Circassia as terms to denote the nation and its country in North-Western Caucasus appeared in Armenian, Georgian, Arabic, Persian, Turkic and other historical sources since the 18th century, as a replacement for the previous ethnonyms: the Kerkets, the Zikhs, the Dzhiks, the Kashags, the Kases, the Kasogs, the Dzharkases, etc. The ethonym “Circassian” (Cherkess) came into general use in Russian and European sources in the 15-19th centuries.
At the same time, the local population invariably called themselves the Adyghe(Adyghes), though, apparently, local names for the self-identification of individual ethnopolitical groups such as Natukhay, Abadzekh, Zhane, Kabardey, etc. were of importance. However, irrespective of some social, cultural and linguistic differences, according to historical and ethnographical sources they make up a single (one) Circassian (Adyghe) nation.
Historical events of the 19-20th centuries, connected with the calamities of the Caucasian war and expulsion of the major part of Circassians to Ottoman Empire, administrative reforms, made by Tzar’s Government and later by RSFSR and USSR authorities, lead to the formation of territorially isolated four massifs of Circassian people in Russian Federation. Due to this, they have been ethnographically termed as follows: the Shapsugs, the Adyghs, the Circassians, and the Kabardinians.
Comparatively recent (by historical standards) territorial isolation had not led to the loss of historical memory of their genetic and cultural identity. On the contrary, current research testifies to the fact that the above nationalities (the Shapsugs, the Adygeis, the Circassians and the Kabardinians) share common self-consciousness alongside with their basic cultural layer. Consequently, the above nationalities can be considered the subethnoses of one (single) Circassian nation.
As for the Ubykhs, the people who lived in the upper reaches of the rivers Sochi and Shakhe till the mid-19th century, they were forced to move to Ottoman Empire. According to the preserved written historical evidence, the Ubykhs referred to themselves as b’yokh, though, even in this case the sources consider it only as a locally accepted self-name of this ethnic group.
The descendants of the Ubykhs or those who consider themselves as belonging to them are currently very few in number (they are mentioned in the 2002 Russia Population Census). They share common Circassian self-consciousness, share Circassian (Adygh) cultural traditions and identify themselves within the general massif of modern Circassian (Adygh) people.
Prof. Sergey A. Arutyunov,
Doctor in History,
Correspondent member of RAS
Head of the Caucasus Sector
Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology
To the President of
"Jamestown Foundation" of USA
Mr. Glen Howard
Dear Mr. Glen Howard,
The International Circassian Association expressing the national and cultural interests of the ethnic group, regardless of the residence country, is grateful to you for their attention to the problems of the Circassian people. However, there are reportedly 20-21 March 2010 in Tbilisi (Georgia) was held scientific and practical conference, where supposedly there was an appeal to the Parliament of Georgia on the recognition of the genocide of Circassians during the Russian-Caucasian war of the 19th century. The organizers of this event were marked your Foundation and the University of Elijah, Tbilisi.
In connection with the foregoing I request you to inform:
- Why to participate in the preparation and holding of this event did not attract the most numerous and influential national and community organizations of the Circassian people?
- Do not you think that
organize and sponsor scientific conferences or
- Was it worth spending Jamestown Foundation finance and organize the forum so for away from you - in Georgia? It is the headquarters of the UN (more authoritative organization) is very close to you! The recognition of the UN would have been perhaps more effective?
- Should not it expediently to ask the opinion of management of foreign Circassian associations representing the interests of the majority of Russians living abroad about the carrying on the Olympic Games in Sochi? Or the view of the main part of shapsugs, currently living in their historic homeland - the Black Sea coast, those who continue to live in the area and use the infrastructure, facilities, jobs created by the holding of the Olympic Games, 2014 rather than the individuals among the diaspora (who was invited to a conference in Georgia) who do not know of the information about the situation in the historic homeland and not attend it?
- Do you have the opportunity to provide us with materials of this conference?
- Do you feel it more appropriate (if you really care about the problems of the Circassian people) let us know about the planning of such activities related to the Circassian perspective?
The president of the
To the President of
the Russian Federation
The ADDRESS of the International Circassian Association (ICA)
Dear Dmitry Anatolyevich,
The International Circassian Association, expressing national and cultural interest of Circassians (Adiges) of Russian Federation and abroad, addresses to You concerning one of the socially significant aspects of the preparing and carrying out of the Olympic Games 2014 in Sochi.
We have a profound respect for the efforts of Russian direction on the creation of conditions for successful carrying out of the Olympic Games, the International Circassian Association pay attention that the place and time of the carrying out of the Games have specially significance for the Russian and foreign Circassians. Firstly it will be held in the places of their native dwelling. Circassian subethnic groups - Ubikhs and Shapsygs resided historically in the Sochi district. Secondly, in 2014 it will be 150 year anniversary of Russian-Caucasian war ending, in the course of which a great part of numerous Circassian (Adig) population of the Caucasus perished and was exiled to Ottoman Turkey.
On the one hand – and we with confidence assure you of that – all Circassians (Adigs) of the Russian Federation and abroad who are presented in ICA experience feelings of joy and proud because of merited by the county honourable right to hold Olympic Games at our place and hold a great interest in great success of that great business. A common with all Russians positive mood is strengthening by ancient tradition of hospitality of our people and Adigs are ready to introduce their best features of distinctive culture to the enterprise on preparing and holding of the Olympic Games-2014.
On the other hand, that powers that have been trying to slacken Russian Northern Caucasia for 20 years, including speculating in facts of tragic history of Circassians, in essence unleash informational war after confirming Sochi as the place of holding the next Olympic Games and stopping Georgian aggression in respect of South Ossetia and Abkhazia.
In such circumstances Russian structures which are responsible for preparing the Olympic Games, unfortunately, ignore completely history and culture of indigenous population of Black Sea – Circassians (Adigs).In official advertisings one can find anything about the region of Olympic holding – from the assertion that it represents “the part of ancient Colkhilda” (Georgia?) till declaring it “unfettered” from Ottoman Empire.
We are confirmed that lack of consideration for above indicated aspects will have a negative influence upon the atmosphere of Games holding both in international and domestic plan. Denial of including “Circassian motives” in the complex of Olympic arrangements which till recent time can be explained by the incompetence of officials will be accepted by the mass consciousness of Russian and foreign Circassians as deliberate neglect of their national feelings and good will. And attempts to present only Cossacks (vested in Circassian coat!) as the indigenous population of Russian Black Sea would become a rough distortion of the reality in historically and serious mistake in social and political sphere. Against such a background it will not be difficult to forecast the further energization of destructive powers and their aspiration for using separate organizations and groups in an effort to destabilize situation in the Caucasus getting additional stimulus.
On the contrary opportune taking into account historical and modern realies and realizing of connected with them positive actions will positively affect the Games Circumstances, enhance the prestige and authority of Russia. Symbolic actions are demanded like it was made in respect of indigenous population of Australia in 2000 and Canada in 2010. Cultural and ethnographic signs of indigenous population of the region of Olympic Games holding could find their place in official ceremony of Olympic Games opening, in symbolism of impending Games, in the infrastructure of Olympic objects (for example, Circassian ethnographic village), in their design, cultural program of Olympic Games.
In connection with premises, we apply to You, dear Dmitry Anatolievich with following:
1. To make a fundamental decision that informational context and cultural program of impending Olympic Games would be built taking into account history and culture of Circassian (Adig) ethnos like indigenous population of Russian Black Sea that completely corresponds the principles of Olympic Charter IOC.
2. To charge the corresponding federal structures, National Olympic Committee, Organizational Committee of the Olympic Games 2014, government of Krasnodar region, Republic of Adigheya, Kabardino-Balkarian Republic, Karachay-Circassian Republic to realize all necessary organizational arrangements with expert attraction, artists and actors who represent folk and professional art of contemporary Circassians (Adigs).
The President of the
International Circassian Association K.M. Azhakhov
To the President of
International Circassian Association
To the Ministry of sport, tourism
and youth politics of Russian Federation
Dear Mr. Azhakhov!
ANO “Organization Committee “Sochi 2014” (further - Organization Committee) considered your application on including of the history and culture of indigenous people of the Black Sea – Circassians (Adighes) during planning and realization of the arrangements on preparing of the XXII Winter Olympic Games and the XI Winter Paralympic Games and informs.
The Organization Committee is launching the realization of Caucasian Games festival in 2010, in the program of which it will be integrated your proposed activities. For more information you will be informed additionally.
Of ANO “Organization Committee “Sochi 2014” A.U. Vulf
From: the Ministry of Cultural Affairs of Russian Federation
To: the President of International Circassian Association, K.M. Azhakhov
Re: about the arrangements, concerning the support of national culture of Caucasian peoples
Dear Kanshobi Muzarinovich,
The Ministry of Cultural Affairs considered your appeal ¹29 from 10.03.2010, imparted from the Department of the President of Russian Federation and reports the following.
We inform you that generally ANO “Organizational committee “Sochi 2014”” is responsible for informational context generation during the preparation to the XXII Olympic winter games, infrastructure maintenance and realization of the majority of cultural events, including opening and closing ceremonies. In this respect, the copy of your appeal will be given to ANO “Organizational committee “Sochi 2014”” and also to the government of the Krasnodar Territory and Sochi.
On it’s part, the Ministry of Cultural Affairs reports, that during the generation of the action plan we traditionally take into account the necessity and priority of arrangements, directed to state national policy assistance and international youth upbringing in Russia taking into consideration the specifity of Southern and North-Caucasian Federal regions. Particularly, since 1998 the Ministry of Cultural Affairs in Russia has been carrying out Interregional Art Festival “World of Caucasus”, which annually takes place in one of the subjects of Southern Federal Region. In 2009 the festival took place in Ingushetia, in 2008 – in Chechen Republic, in 2007 - on Krasnodar Territory. Besides, in 2009, with the financial assistance of the Ministry of Cultural Affairs, series of cultural events were held in the subjects of SFR, in particular: interregional festival “turning back to the beginnings – the way to renascence” and festival of child and youthful arts “Starlets of Adygea”(Adygean Republic); folk festival of national cultures “Dancing above Elbrus”(Kabardino-Balkarian Republic); interregional festivals of folk arts and author’s songs “Alps”(Karachay-Circassian Republic) international festival of folk dance “the Dawns of Alania” and international festival of national theatres “Stage without Limits” (Nortern Osetia); international festival of narrators “Eposes from All Over the World on the Land of Dzhangara” (Kalmykian Republic); series of regional festivals and exhibitions of national cultures in Dagestan and many other projects.
In the framework of preparation of the cultural Olympic games 2010-2014, festival, named “Polyphony of Caucasus”, was carried out in Sochi and towns of Abkhazia in January, 2010. It gathered vocal ethnographic groups from Adygea, Karachay-Circassian republic, Nothern Osetia, Abkhazia and also Armenian, Georgian, and Russian performers.
Moreover, from May till November of 2010 a complex of cultural events in the context of exchange cultural season “Russia-Abkhazia 2010” will be carried out. It includes vocal and instrumental classic music, tours of folk, choreographic and theater groups, combined actions of writers and artists and also creative masterclasses
Chief executive of the department
of art and folk arts government
support and international affairs A.A. Shalashov
The administration of the
President of Russian Federation
Of the President of Russian Federation
on the work with citizens
and organizations appeals
23, Ilinka st., Russian Federation, 103132
To Azhakhov K.M.
6, Shogentsukova st.,
“International Circassian Association”
Nalchik, Kabardino-Balkarian Republik,
Russian Federation, 360051
We inform you that your application from 10.03.2010 ¹29 addressed to name of the President of Russian Federation is direct on consideration to the Ministry of sport, tourism and youth politics of Russian Federation with the request to inform you about the results.
Advisor to the Department of written
applications and organizations A. Kozirenko